Acne is a disorder of the hair follicle and its associated oil gland. It usually starts around puberty and can persist for many years. Individuals usually notice black heads and white heads, red pimples and/or cysts. These lesions tend to come on the face, torso, and shoulders. They can persist for days and sometimes months. Symptoms associated with breakouts include itching, pain and burning.
Often, acne can be disfiguring and upsetting to the patient. It can also leave scars which may be prevented by appropriate treatment early in the course of the diseases. Treatments are usually tailored to the needs of the individual patient. They typically include a combination of topical creams, gels or lotions with oral medications such as antibiotics, hormonally active agents (like birth control pills), and Isotretinoin, a synthetic form of Vitamin A.
In addition, light chemical peels, acne surgery and photodynamic therapy using blue light can also be helpful.